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Biodiversity-finance

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Summary – from climate to biodiversity in the BRI and beyond In the midst of increasing global awareness of environmental and sustainability problems, two interconnected issues are high on the agenda for 2020: climate change and biodiversity. This is in particular true for China who is both under pressure to increase the level of ambitions in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) at COP26 on climate change, as well to host an impactful COP15 on biodiversity. As a key international partner of China on climate change, the EU can play a similar role on biodiversity. Ultimately, with China and EU together making up a key source of both problems, having resources to find solutions, and representing both developed and developing countries, such a partnership is critical to repeat the success of Paris 2015 on climate change in Kunming 2020 on biodiversity. As a key platform and geographical scope of Chinese overseas…

Natural ecosystems have declined by 47% compared to their earliest estimated state, 25% of species are already threatened with extinction, the biomass of wild animals has decreased by 82%. The losses to biodiversity and its consequences on both economies and our Earth’s well-being are becoming more evident, while the world is struggling for to develop the post-2020 biodiversity protection framework at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Conference of the Parties (COP) in Kunming in October 2020. Progress for biodiversity protection is even more difficult than protecting climate. In this article, I propose four axioms, to help move ahead in biodiversity protection in the Belt and Road Initiative and more broadly. Human activities risking biodiversity and pushing the planetary boundaries Biodiveristy is threatened due to a number of human activities, such as construction of infrastructure cutting into natural habitat, use of fertilizers in agriculture and similarly wastewater from human activities…

Green finance in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) that deals with climate change by mitigation or adaptation has received much attention over the past months. A topic that is gaining momentum for a “green Belt and Road Initiative” is green finance for biodiversity – or biofin. Three reasons drive this development: China will host the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) next year (tentatively from October 5 to 10, 2020 in Kunming), hoping to agree on a post-2020 framework for biodiversity conservationBiodiversity losses continue to accelerate with currently 1 million of 8 million known species under immediate threat Chinese Investments in the Belt and Road Initiative have a major impact on biodiversity loss and biodiversity protection Although biodiversity protection has a long history (the first CDB COP took place at the end of 1994 in the Bahamas), progress on biodiversity protection has been…