“一带一路”沿线国家

截至2021年1月,已有140个国家通过签署谅解备忘录加入“一带一路”倡议。

中国已同140个国家签署了共建“一带一路”合作文件*

中国一带一路网

“一带一路”倡议国家遍布各个大洲:

  • 40个撒哈拉以南的非洲国家
  • 34个欧洲和中亚国家(包括已经加入一带一路倡议的18个欧盟国家)
  • 25个东亚和太平洋国家
  • 17个中亚和北非国家
  • 18个拉美和加勒比地区国家
  • 6个东南亚国家

*一些被列为已签署谅解备忘录的国家与现有信息存在矛盾。例如,奥地利、贝宁、科摩罗、刚果(金)、多米尼克、尼日尔和俄罗斯这7个国家并没有公开承认签署了谅解备忘录,甚至对此表示否认。因此,这些国家在下面的“一带一路”倡议国家地图中被列为“无法律效力”的国家。

“一带一路”国家地图:截止2021年1月,已有133-140个国家加入了“一带一路”倡议,与中国签订谅解备忘录 (资料来源: www.green-bri.org).

“一带一路”(BRI)国家地图:截至2020年3月,共有131-138个国家签署“一带一路”倡议的谅解备忘录。

每个“一带一路”国家与中国的贸易和投资关系都是独特的。更多“一带一路”国家相关的详细信息可以在本网站的“一带一路国家”板块中找到,或者可以向我们提出申请

“一带一路”国家列表

下表列举了 “一带一路 “倡议国家的概况。收入情况参考世界银行目录。 *注意:我们无法找到签署谅解备忘录后正式成为“一带一路倡议国家”的独立信息。

CountryRegionIncomeGroup
AfghanistanSouth AsiaLow income
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
Austria*Europe & Central AsiaHigh income
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
BangladeshSouth AsiaLower middle income
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
Benin*Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificHigh income
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
ChileLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
ChinaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
Comoros*Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income
Congo, Rep.*Sub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
Cook IslandsEast Asia & Pacific
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
CubaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
Czech RepublicEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income
Dominica*Latin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLower middle income
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income
EstoniaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
FijiEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
GreeceEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
HungaryEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaUpper middle income
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income
ItalyEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
Korea, Rep.East Asia & PacificHigh income
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificLower middle income
LatviaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income
LithuaniaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
LuxembourgEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
MaldivesSouth AsiaUpper middle income
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.East Asia & PacificLower middle income
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
MyanmarEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income
NepalSouth AsiaLow income
New ZealandEast Asia & PacificHigh income
Niger*Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
NiueEast Asia & Pacific
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
OmanMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
PakistanSouth AsiaLower middle income
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
PolandEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
PortugalEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
QatarMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
Russian Federation*Europe & Central AsiaUpper middle income
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
SamoaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaHigh income
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificHigh income
Slovak RepublicEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
SloveniaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income
Solomon IslandsEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
SomaliaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
Sri LankaSouth AsiaLower middle income
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaLow income
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
ThailandEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
TongaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income
VietnamEast Asia & PacificLower middle income
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLow income
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaLow income

更新与联系

“一带一路”国家的数据和“一带一路”谅解备忘录的签署年份来源于官方新闻和网络资源。如果您有任何问题或建议,请与我们联系(info@green-bri.org)。

推荐引用

Nedopil, Christoph (2020): “Countries of the Belt and Road Initiative”; Beijing, IIGF Green BRI Center, www.green-bri.org